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what did white southerners try to cast themselves as?

Southern Justification of Slavery. But this is obviously absurd. Get the latest on new films and digital content, learn about events in your area, and get your weekly fix of American history. Library of Congress, Sign up for the American Experience newsletter! ' Lincoln and the Republicans were reviled in the south, and did not carry a single state south of the Mason Dixon line. I did the mistakes I made yesterday (that you told me to change). Some Brave Southerners. These are Republican voters. D) White southerners thought that free blacks played a minimal role because they realized that slaves were unhappy in slavery and would try to get out of it. In the 1870s, Southern Democrats began to muster more political power, as former Confederate whites began to vote again. Writing in the journal Ethnic and Racial Studies, social anthropologist M. G. Smith argued that the entries do not satisfactorily indicate how these groups meet the criteria of ethnicity, and so justify inclusion in the encyclopedia. But in the Klan trials, it does seem to work for a time, using the federal courts as the weapon against the Klan. 5 points valerie3851 Asked 04/25/2020. country. "What are they going to do to me, given what we have done to them?" Drew Gilpin Faust: Mary Lee of Winchester [Virginia] says at the end of the war, "Political reconstruction is inevitable now, but social reconstruction, we have in our hands and we can prevent." "From Carter to Clinton, A South in Transition", "Southerner and Irish? Their hopes for a return to the kind of society they had previously known were briefly lifted when President Andrew Johnson(1808–1875; served 1865–69) announced his plans for the Reconstru… He argues that: "Most important, though, and most troubling, is the peculiar relationship of white southerners to the nation's history". How could such violence happen unchecked? He argues that the South is home to two ethnic communities (white and black) as well as smaller, growing ethnic groups, not just one. When did white Southerners accept the United States? Physics [10], The Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, published in 1980, includes a chapter on Southerners authored by Reed, alongside chapters by other contributors on Appalachians and Yankees. We've got to go out and out-vote these people." I mean, the Klan -- To use a modern terminology, which unfortunately is quite appropriate, this is a terrorist organization. I think most White Southerners recognize that the war was fought over the right of self-government and political independence, just as White Southerners recognize that these were the same thing the colonists fought for in 1776. How Did White Southerners React to Reconstruction? What Should White Southerners Have Done in the Winter of 1860-61? With the exception of high Confederate officials and a few other special groups, all Southerners could reinstate themselves by taking a simple loyalty oath. White Southerners supported slavery for a variety of reasons. What are they protecting them from? ...Any association with blackness was deemed to be socially unacceptable in Southern society; that to be associated with black people, and to be associated with them politically, was enough to have you declared a "race traitor" or a "nigger lover;" and that this was a very powerful psychological threat that could be mobilized against people who made any effort to ally themselves with black people. 'https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js'); YOU SHOULD TRY READING THEM (AND NOT JUST THEIR TITLES). Log in. But many did so despite not owning slaves themselves. Oct 3, 2018 #15 I supposed it's too snarky to … She notes that the historian George Brown Tindall analyzed the persistence of the distinctiveness of Southern culture in The Ethnic Southerners (1976), "and referred to the South as a subculture, pointing out its ethnic and regional identity". So, you know, more and more Republicans in Congress are pressing Grant to do something. But as the reports of violence spread, as Republicans in the South more and more are appealing for help, as atrocities are committed, Congress sets up two committees, House and Senate, to investigate the Klan. History. The converging forces, circumstances, personalities and events that propelled a group of English men and women west across the Atlantic in 1620. 4 Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan and Turkey span the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia. These writers postulated that Southerners were descended from Norman Cavaliers, Huguenots, Jacobites and other supposed "Mediterranean races" linked to the Romans, while Northerners were claimed to be descended from Anglo-Saxon serfs and other Germanic immigrants who had supposed "hereditary hatred" against the Southerners. Most whites in the South were armed and had served in militia or slave patrols, things like that. Terms in this set (7) Fear "Holding a wolf by the ears" - Giving the wolf justice will threaten the holder's safety. 5 Disputed; Roma have recognized origins and historic ties to Asia (specifically to Northern India), but they experienced at least some distinctive identity development while in diaspora among Europeans. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Historians describe white Southerners' varied responses to emancipation and the issue of civil rights, and describe the thinking that gave rise to white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction. What does this phrase mean? They want to go back as far as they can to the point where African Americans are a subordinate group, laboring as workers on the plantation, but that's pretty much it. I highly recommend the book on the regiment by my late friend Glenda McWhirter Todd . So at least for a while, this strategy of using troops, having trials, and targeting the leaders and not every Klansman, seems to have paid off. And by the way, they probably killed more Americans than Osama Bin Laden did. most of any situation they find themselves in. fbq('track', 'ViewContent'); However, most sources I have read say that it happened in 1884 when Grover Cleveland was elected as President. No general is ever anxious to use the army as a sort of policing force. Posted on December 14, 2013 by Brooks D. Simpson I have always thought that the decision of white southerners to seek independence in the aftermath of the election of 1860 was a logical response to the election of Abraham Lincoln (just as I think there’s much sense to be found in the arguments advanced by their opponents … Science. One hundred years after the passage of the 19th Amendment, The Vote tells the dramatic culmination story of the hard-fought campaign waged by American women for the right to vote, a transformative cultural and political movement that resulted in the largest expansion of voting rights in U.S. history. Though proud Southerners, they saw themselves as citizens of the United States first. His idea was. Southern whites see this as just another example of Northern tyranny. Beynon saw this group consciousness as deriving partly from the tendency of northerners to consider them as a homogeneous group, and Jamieson saw it as a response to the label "Okie". What did Southern whites think about sharing political power with their former slaves? They don't have the bureaucracy at that time. While searching this topic, I came across various dates. He's appalled by the atrocities that are taking place. We're going to have nothing to do with it. He argues that they differ in cultural and political terms, and that their accents serve as an ethnic marker. Their testimony in 1870-71 really reveals to the country the extent of these kinds of atrocities and terrorism in the South, and it creates a political pressure for Grant to do something. 3 Yugoslav Americans are the American people from the former Yugoslavia. White Southern Republicans are also victims of the Klan. Directed by Jean Renoir. How did groups like the Klan justify their violent acts? The Department of Justice is just created during Reconstruction, very small. Nothing will be allowed to stand in its way, and nothing will be tolerated in this instance. And I think that's such an extraordinary insight on her part, and so predictive of much of what happens in the months and years that follow her remark. What the government's strategy is, is to let the lower-ranking people off if they will testify against the upper ones. They're traitors to the region. Northerner carpetbaggers -- as they call them -- who come down, become victims of the Klan... Part of the appeal is: Okay, if there is going to be a race war, so to speak, or race violence, then all whites must unite. Some of them are put in jail. View of laborers preparing cotton for gins, on Alex. That they needed to experiment with racial harmony.B. After the Charleston church massacre on June 17, some white politicians did step forward and renounce the South’s long … Among other things, the Klan trials reveal the great expansion of the jurisdiction of the federal courts during Reconstruction. The following arguments were put forth in Southern books, pamphlets and newspapers to defend the institution of slavery: . Slavery had ended with the victory of the Northern Union (the federal government) over the Confederacy, made up of eleven Southern states that had chosen to separate themselves from the rest of the country. If you stay with the Republicans, you are opening yourself up to being a victim of violence. Academic John Shelton Reed argues that "Southerners' differences from the American mainstream have been similar in kind, if not degree, to those of the immigrant ethnic groups". Join now. 1.What can be inferred by the passage of the Black Codes A.Many Southerners were willing to allow African-Americans equally B.Many white Southerners wanted African Americans to remain as slaves C.Many white Southerners wanted . According to the text, what did white southerners still did not understand?A. Within a few weeks of the election, southern states, unwilling to accept a Republican President, began seceding from the union. // cutting the mustard We cannot let the results of the civil war be abrogated by a new outbreak of violence." Many whites do not approve of this kind of violence, but they will make excuses for it. And even for partisan reasons, you can't just let your electorate get intimidated so that it can't vote. Write. (Enter your ZIP code for information on American Experience events and screening in your area.). So there was a lot of uncertainty and political division within the white population in 1867, about how to respond to this completely new situation. They don't accept the legitimacy of the Reconstruction governments to begin with. They think they're just imposed by the North. Middle School. And it is through its violence and the violence of a number of its cohort organizations that the Reconstruction process was undermined and overthrown in 1877 in the South. Did specific threats give rise to white supremacist groups? John Hartwell Major. So even if all blacks voted, if the whites could unite against them, they could still keep control. How did Southern resistance to black freedom play out after the Civil War? Historians review some myths and misconceptions about the Reconstruction era. You can't just let them be eliminated by violence from the political equation. White southerners would indeed re-join the United States, and in time even rebuild the “real heart Union” that Wadley had prized so much in 1860. On December 8th, 1863, Lincoln issued the 10% Plan. Those whites who have been with the Republicans are traitors. if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0'; It's a homegrown American terrorism.

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