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classifying organic compounds by functional group worksheet answers

to describe functional groups and explain why they are useful in the study of organic chemistry. We may then expect the chemistry of alcohols to be similar to that of water. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Have questions or comments? Substitution of one atom or group of atoms for another: Addition, usually to a double or triple bond: Elimination, which is the reverse of addition: Rearrangement where one structure is converted to an isomeric structure: Certain reactions commonly are described as either oxidation or reduction reactions and most simply can be thought of as reactions that result in changes in the oxygen or hydrogen content of a molecule by direct or indirect reactions with oxygen or hydrogen, respectively. They frequently fall into one of the categories already mentioned. Now we examine some of the many organic compounds that contain functional groups. In fact, both are weak acids because the \(OH\) group has a reactive proton that it can donate to a sufficiently strongly basic substance, written as \(:B\) here: Water and alcohols both are weak bases because the oxygens of their \(OH\) groups have unshared electron pairs to use in bonding with a proton donated by an acid, \(HA\): We can carry the analogy further to include carboxylic acids, \(RCO_2H\), which also have a hydroxyl function. Alcohols, \(ROH\), are structurally related to water, \(HOH\), in that both possess a hydroxyl function. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. In fact, a traditional approach to the subject of organic chemistry involves the classification of compounds according to their functional groups. Explain. Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins. The functional group, a structural arrangement of atoms and/or bonds, is largely responsible for the properties of organic compound families. Classify the organic compounds by the class of their functional group. Answer to functional group identification worksheet identify the functional groups on the following organic molecules. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Table \(\PageIndex{1}\): Selected Organic Functional Groups; Name of Family General Formula Functional Group Suffix* alkane: RH: none-ane: alkene: R 2 C=CR 2-ene: alkyne: RC≡CR –C≡C–-yne: alcohol: ROH –OH-ol: thiol: RSH –SH-thiol: ether: ROR … The most important are acid-base, substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement reactions. There are other logical classification schemes, however, and one of these depends more on types of reactions than on functional groups. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. What is the functional group of an alkene? All rights reserved. We have little hope that systematic names such as methanal, 2-propanone, and ethanoic acid soon will replace the commonly used nonsystematic names formaldehyde, acetone, and acetic acid. - Types, Groups & Examples, Vital Force Theory: Definition & Principles, Chemical Nomenclature for Organic Compounds, Chemistry of Transition & Inner-Transition Elements, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Molecules that differ only in the number of carbons in their structure, Molecule that has an odd number of double bonds, Classifying molecules that form a closed ring, How organic compounds can be organized and classified. They also should possess acidic and basic properties. Functional groups can help classify organic compounds, and this quiz and worksheet combo will help you test your understanding of these groups and their role in organic compounds. Using the worksheet and quiz, see how much you know about organic compounds and how they are classified. A property of ammonia that you probably will have encountered earlier is that it acts as a base and forms salts with acids. In fact, a traditional approach to the subject of organic chemistry involves the classification of compounds according to their functional groups. For instance, alcohols, \(R-OH\), can be transformed into a number of other compounds, such as organic halides, \(R-Cl\) or \(R-Br\); ethers, \(R-O-R\); and amines, \(R-NH_2\) without changing the structure of the hydrocarbon group \(R\). The examples chosen are representative of compounds containing carbon and hydrogen (hydrocarbons) as well as compounds containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur. In this chapter, we make a brief yet systematic study of some of organic compound families. It seems pointless to try to classify this as anything but a complete combustion or oxidation reaction: The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot.

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